How To Get Rid Of Voles
How wonderful it is to construct a beautiful landscape garden if you have a spacious front lawn. Landscaping is one way to make your house even more beautiful and relaxing to live in because flowers and plants are so pleasant to the eyes and so calming to look at. Keep reading to learn How To Get Rid Of Voles.
Gardening is also a way of giving yourself some break from stressful work especially when you see your plants’ growing healthy and begin to produce colorful flowers and leaves. Similarly, gardening vegetables plants on your backyard is also significantly relaxing plus it can give you organic edible plants that is good to your health.
Unfortunately, landscaping or gardening could be a little difficult if you get infested by pests like voles because they do not only destroy your plants and disfigure your garden but they can also bring diseases that are potentially serious to humans like rabies, trypanosome microti, toxoplasma gondii, Korean hemorrhagic fever, hantavirus and more.
Voles are rodents that could be mistaken to a mouse, rat or mole and they are more popularly known as meadow mice. These small rodents can grow into a size of 3 to 7 inches and can reproduce an offspring of up to 10 litters per year with 5 to 10 young in a litter and their gestation lasts only for three weeks. Within a month a young vole can become sexually mature so if you come to think of it, they can really grow their population within a short period of time which could devastate to your garden or crops.
There are at least six species of meadow mice that are identified which are endemic to California and belong to the genus Microtus. The California vole and the montane vole are the two most destructive voles in the state and they are found nearly in the entire stretch of the coastal range. These meadow mice thrive on small plants but also feed on dead animals as well as nuts and fruits.
How are voles being destructive?
Meadow mice or voles are destructive to plants, shrubs, vegetables and small threes due to their girdling or ring barking habit which can easily kill small or young plants, trees or shrubs and it distorts their healthy growth. Other destructive habits of these small rodents are their appetite for roots and their burrowing skill that enables them to dig and tunnel into root systems of your plant and their presence is only identifiable when you see number of plants in your garden being destroyed. So, they are also stealthy pests that sneak into your garden through tunnels and burrows.
In the United States there are 26 species of voles and they occupy wide are of habitat. They usually like areas that have grounds with thick cover of grasses and grass-like plants. They seldom invade your yard but when they have a high population with limited natural habitat, they could invade in your gardens and landscapes. Voles particularly love to live on habitats that you modify in your yard such as: cultivated lands, orchards, and windbreaks.
The damage that meadow mice could bring into your garden or yard could be very extensive if you are not aware about it or if you do not control their infestation at an earlier time because they can deform you landscape, eat your crops especially those that have bulbs, and destroy small trees and plants. So, they needed to be controlled and exterminated before their population grows to uncontrollable level.
Farmers also hate voles even if at some point they can benefit by nutrients on the outer layer of soils through burrowing because they can destroy crops and displaces irrigation water through burrowing and tunneling. They are also pesky on golf courses and other ground covers.
Ways on how to get rid of voles
There are many ways you can get rid of voles when you identify them to be invading your properties but the easiest and most effective is by calling your local pest control professionals however, this method could be expensive. Some alternative ways on controlling and preventing voles will be discussed below.
- Barring – you can bar or exclude meadow mice on young plants and trees by installing cloth cylinders on them. Create a ¼ mesh and bury it six inches to the ground, this will keep them from burrowing underneath the cylinder.
- Modify their habitat – by destroying weeds and litter round and in your lawn will help reduce invasion of voles into your yard because you will reduce the areas that attract them to get near your yard.
- Repel them – there are repellant agents that may be available on your local agricultural stores such as capsaicin and thiram. These repellants may give you protection from infestation although for short term only.
- Exterminate them – you can destroy voles by employing toxicants such as Zinc Phosphide. This pesticide is available in pellet or grain which you can use to bait them by placing it on their burrow openings and runways. However, if you are employing this same method from time to time, voles may develop bait shyness and will avoid your bait. There are also other toxicants available but you have to ask your local pesticide regulatory agency for safety.
- Set-up a trap – although this method will not be effective for severe infestation, they can also be done for occasional visitors and small population.
- Predation – there are many animals that feed on voles but this is not a good idea because according to some experts, predation makes voles increase their reproductive potential to cope up with their population against predation.
These pests are quite difficult to control especially on their natural habitat and the worst part is that they invade nearby human settlement and destroy crops, plants and lawns which causes economic loss to farmers and pain in the heads of home and resorts owners. So, if you see these critters on your garden, do not think twice on calling your professional pest control before it gives you more problems and more expensive lawn or landscape repair. Now you know How To Get Rid Of Voles.